The Australia Group

Fighting the spread of chemical and biological weapons. Strengthening global security.

Australia Group Meeting, 4-8 October 1999, Paris

Australia Group participants held informal consultations in Paris from 4-8 October 1999 on chemical and biological weapons (CBW) proliferation.

Participants discussed their national export licensing measures and procedures to ensure that they continue to be effective in preventing any contribution to chemical and biological weapons programs through the inadvertent supply of chemical precursors, biological agents and dual-use equipment and that they did not inhibit the trade in these items. They reaffirmed that their national chemical and biological export licensing measures were directed solely at preventing CBW proliferation, and were designed not to hamper legitimate trade.

Participants agreed that implementing such national measures was an important way of meeting their obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) by striving to prevent the intentional or inadvertent supply by their nationals of materials or equipment to chemical or biological weapons programs. Participants encouraged all countries that are not participants in the Australia Group to implement similar national measures to prevent the spread of chemical and biological weapons. They expressed their willingness, on a national basis, to continue assisting others in implementing such measures and in improving the effectiveness of their export control mechanisms.

Participants reaffirmed their strong support for the Chemical Weapons Convention. In line with Convention obligations, participants committed to keep under review their respective national exporting licensing policies to ensure that they promote the object and purpose of the CWC, are applied fairly and remain fully consistent with it. They also welcomed efforts by the Ad Hoc Group of States Parties to strengthen the effectiveness and improve the implementation of the BTWC. All participants reaffirmed their commitment to concluding an effective and legally-binding verification protocol to the BTWC as a matter of priority.

Australia Group participating countries expressed their belief that universal adherence to and full compliance with these two treaties would be the most effective way to rid the world of chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction. They agreed that their informal consultations complemented and were consistent with the purpose of these Conventions.

Participants agreed to continue a program to promote greater awareness and understanding of the important role that national export licensing measures play in preventing CBW proliferation. This program will continue to include briefings for countries not participating in the Australia Group and regional seminars on export licensing practices.

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States participated in these talks.

Another round of consultations will be held in October 2000.